8 Inventions That We Borrowed From Ancients
If we look at our surroundings many things we see in nature it may surprise us that the things and objects we use and see was originally invented many years ago from the ancients times by Greeks, Egyptians, Romans and other society. Here are eight inventions by the ancient times which are most useful objects, ideas and institutions that we owe to the ancients.
As early as 3000 B.C., Egyptians had developed a technique for making paper from the pith of the papyrus plant, a common sight along the bank of the Nile. These ancient papermakers knew what they were doing: Many of these papyrus sheets inscribed with Egyptian hieroglyphics remain intact and readable, even after more than 5,000 years.
Ancient Egyptians knew all about the power of a smoky eye. Way back in 4000 B.C., they started making kohl to line their eyes by mixing soot with galena, a mineral with a metallic bluish, gray or black hue.
# Democratic Government
The word “democracy” comes from the Greek term demokratia, literally meaning “rule by the people.” The word—and the concept—was introduced in 507 B.C. by Cleisthenes, ruler of the Greek city-state of Athens. However, the democratic ideals and processes that originated in ancient Greece have influenced politicians and governments ever since.
# The Marathon
In 490 B.C., as the story goes, a Greek soldier ran from Marathon to Athens, a distance of just over 26 miles, to bring news of the Athenian victory over the Persians in the Battle of Marathon. After delivering his message, the soldier promptly died. Over the centuries, his story became conflated with that of another, more famous, Greek soldier: Pheidippides. Before the Battle of Marathon took place. The first modern marathon took place at the revived Olympic Games in Athens in 1896 and was won—fittingly—by a Greek runner, Spyridon Louis.
Roman concrete, first emerged some 2,100 years ago, Today’s scientists have concluded that Roman concrete, though weaker than modern cement, is astonishingly long lasting, remaining relatively intact even after centuries of exposure to seawater and other damaging elements.
The Acta Diurna (or “daily acts”), which first appeared around 131 B.C., served as a gazette of political and social happenings in ancient Rome. News of events such as military victories, gladiatorial bouts and other games, births and deaths and even human-interest stories were inscribed on metal or stone and posted in areas with heavy foot traffic, such as the Roman Forum.
For all its importance, it may surprise you to learn that zero is a relatively recent concept in human history, though it still has its roots in ancient times, until the 7th century in India, when the Hindu astronomer Brahmagupta wrote rules for using zero in mathematical operations and equations, introducing the concept that zero could be seen as a number of its own.
In the 16th century, Spanish conquistadores seeking gold and silver in the New World brought chocolate back to Europe with them, launching a craze that—let’s be honest—never really ended.